(BLOOMINGTON) – A total of six mump cases have been confirmed at Indiana University since Feb. 21.
Indiana University spokesperson Chuck Carney confirm three more students have been diagnosed with mumps last week, bringing the total number to six confirmed cases.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, three or more cases is considered an outbreak.
According to IU officials, the first two students diagnosed were roommates living off-campus. The third person also lived off-campus. In the three new cases, one student lives in a fraternity house and the other two off-campus one was an international student.
Officials are investigating to see if the students had contact with the first three students.
Indiana is now among the top 10 infected states.
Students, by state law, are required to show proof of vaccine by the end of their first semester, but the CDC says people can still get mumps even with the vaccines.
Administrators sent a warning to students, telling them not to share food, drink or utensils and to wash their hands often and avoid contact with others who have symptoms.
Mumps is easily spread by airborne droplets from the upper respiratory tract. The disease usually takes 2 to 3 weeks to appear.
Signs and symptoms of mumps typically include: swollen, painful parotid glands — a person might look like a hamster with food in its cheeks. The glands get more swollen and painful for a few days. The pain gets worse when the person swallows, talks, chews or drinks acidic juices.
Treatment is usually limited to medicines for pain and plenty of fluids. Sometimes bed rest is necessary for the first few days. According to the CDC, adults should stay home from work for 5 days after glands begin to swell. Children should stay out of school until symptoms have lessened.